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What Are The Basics Skills Of A Cameramen?

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For those of you who are passionate about filming, using a camcorder and mastering the basic filming techniques will help your footage be really quality. Articles What Are The Basics Skills Of A Cameramen? will share in detail the basic skills of a cameramen.

Basic scene sizes in cinematography

Filming is similar to taking photos in that you must decide how to shoot when you choose the character of the scene. There are four frame types to choose from: panorama, mid-range, close-up, and featured scene. Each frame serves a specific purpose, reflecting the content that the filmmaker wishes to convey.

A wide shot, also known as a panorama, is frequently used to begin a movie, reportage, or short clip… This type of shot is useful for capturing the entire scene, including people and movement. Typically used when photographing landscapes, houses, etc.

Medium shot – more than half of the frame is taken from the knee for body shots and two-thirds of the scene for landscape shots. When shooting mid-scenes, no detail is too small or blurry, as it is when shooting wide scenes, nor is it too focused on one or a few details. This is the most common scene and is commonly seen in films, news reports, etc.

Close-up – used to get a close-up of someone’s face, an object, or an animal. Typically used when filming interviews or life stories, product descriptions, and TV commercials promoting products.

Shooting specification – similar to close-up framing technique, but paying attention to specific details such as eyes, mouth, and so on to describe the subject being filmed more deeply.

Rotation angles

The angle of view is critical in filmmaking; you must be familiar with the following fundamental filmmaking techniques: There are three fundamental shooting angles: horizontal rotation, bottom-up rotation, and top-down rotation. Each shooting method serves a distinct purpose in expressing the cameraman’s intent:

Eye level: similar to a standard shot, but less dramatic
Top-down: reduce the size of the character and the importance of the person or thing in it.
Bottom-up: This angle elevates the character or thing to a higher level of exaltation, power, drama, and solemnity than the top-down angle.

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Machine operations

Camera operations include: zoom, pan, rotate from top to bottom, rotate upwards… Basic filming techniques for beginners are: When you need to zoom in on a certain detail, You use the zoom operation, pay attention to zoom slowly, smoothly, creating a feeling of not being jerked for the viewer.

When you want to describe a product or an object slowly, you use panning… Do not overdo the machine operation because it will bring discomfort to the viewer. When opening a shot, you should shoot from top to bottom, slowly. On the contrary, at the end, turn the camera slowly up to create a closing effect for the viewer.

Above are the 3 most basic filming techniques to make a movie, in addition, you should also pay attention to adjust the technical parameters according to the following suggestions:
– Choose movie standards when recording: There are currently two common standards: SD and HD


• HD: HD 720p and HD 1080p (NTSC: 30 frames/1s, PAL 25 frames/1s)

• There are also some other standards such as: VGA (640 x 480), QVGA (320 x 240)…
To ensure the quality of the Video, we should choose a high resolution standard such as VGA or SD or higher.

Before shooting, you should set all filming equipment to the same standard for convenience in the editing process. To match the frequency of the Vietnamese grid (50hz), we should choose SD PAL or HD PAL standards.

The DSRL revolution makes this possible, but it doesn’t happen automatically. There are 3 basic things that learners need to do to set these things up: Take photos with depth, capture 24 frames per second and color grade the scene in the lesson.

In this article, I’m going to be a beginner’s guide to cinematography, mainly focusing on how your DSLR is and what interchangeable lenses are available to change the depth of your scene or film perspective. This is the next element in What Are The Basics Skills Of A Cameramen?

F-Stop Low setting

Aperture is a very important factor for adjusting the depth of a scene, but follow these steps. Inside your lens is an iris that opens or closes to control the amount of light coming from the camera. This aperture is measured in stops of F, with the smallest number being the narrowest of the scene and when the most light is coming from the camera.

So when you’re trying to achieve depth of field, turn the lens to the lowest F. I like to pull our Nikon lens because it has a manually variable F-stop and makes it possible for our students to clearly see the iris opening and closing as you adjust the F-stop. This is the next element in What Are The Basics Skills Of A Cameramen?

Choose the right lens

There is a reason that there are some lenses that cost a lot of money and it is frequent and it corresponds to how low the F-stop will be. For example, a 50mm F1.4 can cost twice as much as a 50mm F2.0. So if you want a narrower space, choose the right type of glasses first. The focal length of the lens also contributes to both depth and distance between subjects and the background.

For example, students want to use our 30mm glasses because it helps both in blurring and compressing the background at the same time. As a result of an interview, the 86mm F1 lens is more popular and the F1.8 Marco lens is well suited for close-up shots. Refer to the lesson below “How to choose the right glasses” to better understand this note.


The distance between the subject camera and the background affects the direction of the video. You can simply move the camera closer to the subject and objects further away from the background will help you create a blurred background there. This is the “handout” page that helps you adjust the depth of space when using the F-stop, the distance between the lens and the subject, and the focal length.

Practical activities

These are two “Depth of the field” activities that give beginners the opportunity to practice adjusting the depth of the scene. I suggested expanding these activities into homework because it has quite a few activities that help us become more professional, and once they do their homework will really create a “interface”. of the movie”

Merge two cameras: My students frequently ask actors or speakers to present in front of our full panel. Last year, we added a second DSLR from using the 300mm lens in full screen mode. As a result, the image has a very good background blur. “And here’s an example.”

“Bokeh Activity” This is a pretty fun activity where students can practice adjusting depth in their photos.

Aspect Ratio

Film screens usually shoot at about 24 frames per second so if students want their pictures to have film-related motion, they need to select it first from the camera set before shooting. This is an interesting lesson from Vimeo Video School on “Setting up your DSLR” which includes a few other settings. This is the next element in What Are The Basics Skills Of A Cameramen?

Color classification

Sorting colors is an art and the best way for students to improve their abilities.

Hoping for the sharing of What Are The Basics Skills Of A Cameramen? will provide you with useful information.

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